In the United States, 4 million elderly patients are subject to professional malpractice annually. Despite this fact, nearly 2 million elderly patients are still living in negligent nursing homes as resident patients. Nursing home abuse of an elderly patient is an all too common cause of personal injury lawsuits. Many elderly individuals living in full-time residential treatment homes find themselves neglected, or under duress from physical or psychological abuse committed by staff. If an elderly loved one has been mistreated, seeking remedies for that injury is your right. Under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), U.S. federal law provides elderly patients protections from medical malpractice. Informed consent rules state that if an elderly resident patient has competently signed such an agreement, or if consent has been given by a guardian family member, then they have an inviolable right to expect adequate care from a nursing home or assisted living community.